When you say the word heart disease or cardiac disease, the first thing that comes to mind is blocked arteries and reduced blood flow to the heart. Dr. Sanjay Kumar – best heart specialist in Faridabad explaining the most common heart diseases that can affect heart function. Let us have a look! Read on.
Coronary Artery Disease
Coronary artery refers to the vessels which supply blood top the heart muscle. To function properly, the heart muscle itself requires oxygen, and the coronary vessels only help with delivering oxygenated blood to the heart muscle. Through age and our diet routine, there may be buildup of cholesterol within these vessels causing them to become narrowed, thereby reducing the flow of blood within them and to the part of the heart which they supply.
Heart failure occurs when the heart won’t be able to meet the demand for oxygen in other parts of the body as it cannot pump out blood at the needed rate, with the necessary amount of force.
A normally functioning heart has a regular rhythm, which is important to maintain the filling time of the heart as well as the output of blood from the heart. When this rhythm becomes too fast or too slows then the efficiency of the heart is affected, as it cannot meet the demands of the body as required. The irregularity of the beating heart will affect its output and reduce the amount of blood and oxygen reaching all parts of the body.
Problems with heart valves
The heart consists of four chambers and two outflow tracts, and at the entrance of each of this there are one way valves, which make sure that blood flows only in one direction. But when these valves fail to function properly it can lead to the following conditions:
Valve stenosis –which limit the amount of blood that can flow through.
Valve regurgitation – in this condition the valves fail to close properly, as a result of which there is backflow of blood when the heart muscle is contracting.
Congenital Heart Disease
The term Congenital refers to the time of birth. Certain disease conditions of the heart are present at the time of birth itself, even though they fail to manifest at that time. Most congenital heart conditions only start to show symptoms when the child is a little older, or only when they grow up to be adults. Such conditions commonly called ‘’hole in the heart’’.
Cardiomyopathy causes the heart to function poorly.
The heart is surrounded by a thin serosal lining called the pericardium, and this condition is related to the inflammation and irritation of this lining, which can again lead to problems with the contraction and relaxation of the heart. It is a very rare condition.
All of these constitute the diseases which can affect the heart. And if not treated in the correct manner at the correct time, will be deadly. This is the reason that we should work towards maintaining healthy heart. And this can be achieved with incorporating brisk exercises as well as a well-balanced diet into our lifestyle.