There are many peoples around the world die from heart attacks every year. And cardiovascular disease, that causes heart attacks and other problems such as strokes, is the world’s leading killer. So what causes a heart attack? Dr Sanjay Kumar, Cardiology Specialist in Faridabad examines the leading causes and treatments of this deadly disease. Read on!
Like all muscles, the heart needs oxygen, and your heart can’t get enough oxygen during a heart attack. Plaque (fatty deposits) builds up inside your coronary arteries. These vessels supply oxygenated blood to the heart. These plaques as we age cause the arteries to harden and narrow, restricting the blood flow and can turn into blockages. Blood flow is cut off to the cardiac muscle and the oxygen avid cells start to die in some minutes. This is a myocardial infarction, or heart attack. Things can get worse in the absence of treatment. Heart attack can cause sudden death also in the worst case scenario.
How to know that someone is having a heart attack?
The common symptom is chest pain. It can spread out to the left arm, jaw, back, abdomen, nausea or shortness of breath. In many people, specifically those with diabetes, which affects the nerves that carry pain, a heart attack may be silent.
Visit the aricle by Dr. Sanjay Kumar, the most experienced cardiologist in Faridabad explaining about the signs of an Unhealthy Heart you need to know!
If you think that someone your known ones might be having a heart attack, the most important thing is to react quickly. Call the emergency medical services. Taking aspirin, which thins the blood, and nitro-glycerine, which opens up the artery. This can help keep the heart attack from getting worse. Doctors diagnose a heart attack and generally use an electrocardiogram to measure the heart’s electrical activity and a blood test to assess heart muscle damage. Cardiologists then can reopen the blocked artery by expanding it with a balloon in a procedure called an angioplasty. Some extensive blockages might require coronary artery bypass surgery which re-establish flow to the cardiac muscle, refurbishing heart function.
Heart attack treatment is advancing, but prevention is vivacious. Genetics and lifestyle factors both affect your risk. So you need to change your lifestyle. Exercise, a healthy diet (Lots of fiber from vegetables, chicken and fish instead of red meat, whole grains and nuts like walnuts and almonds etc.), and weight loss all lower the risk of heart attacks. Enjoy amply of sleep and lots of laughter all go a long way in making sure your body’s most important muscle keeps on beating.
Dr. Sanjay Kumar, Cardiology Specialist in Faridabad, or heart doctor, helps prevent heart disease through screenings and check-ups. He treat symptoms of heart conditions or heart diseases. Book an appointment now!